The tensile creep behavior of polyethylene-terephthalate (PET) and high density polyethylene (HDPE) geogrids was evaluated using five test methods: the short- and long-term stepped isothermal method (SIM), the short- and long-term time-temperature superposition (TTS), and the conventional method.
SIM and TTS are acceleration tests using elevated temperatures. SIM uses a single specimen throughout all temperature steps in contrast to TTS in which a new specimen is employed for each temperature step. The test results indicate that at the same percentage of ultimate tensile strength, PET geogrid exhibited less creep deformation than the HDPE geogrid. The HDPE geogrid exhibited primary, secondary, and tertiary creep stages before rupture, whereas only primary creep and tertiary creep were detected in the PET geogrid. Furthermore, the strain rate of the primary creep stage was found to be independent of the applied loads for the PET geogrid, while it increased exponentially for the HDPE geogrid. The activation energies deduced from different accelerated creep tests were very similar for the PET geogrid. In contrast, the activation energies were higher from the short-term acceleration tests than from the long-term tests for the HDPE geogrid. The four-parameter Weibull model was able to predict the linear and non-linear creep behavior up to 100 years based on 10-h creep testing data. The creep reduction factor of 100 years design life was evaluated and higher values were resulted from the HDPE geogrid than from the PET geogrid.
- Geosyntec Authors: Shahwal Rizad bin Yeop Abdullah
- All Authors: S. Yeo, Y. Hsuan, Shahwal Rizad bin Yeop Abdullah
- Title: Evaluation of Creep Behavior of High Density Polyethylene and Polyethylene-Terephthalate Geogrids
- Event or Publication: Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 28 (2010) p.409_421
- Practice Areas: Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
- Date: 2010