The production, testing, storage and disposal of munitions in support of national defense and mission readiness has resulted in releases of munitions constituents (MC) to the environment at training ranges, ammunition plants, production facilities, and storage and disposal areas.
Investigation and remediation techniques have been developed, and are continuing to be developed, to cost-effectively mitigate or remedy environmental impacts. These efforts can be complicated at sites where unexploded ordnance (UXO) and munitions and explosives of concern (MEC) are known to be present, or unexpectedly encountered during field activities. Understanding typical release mechanisms, commonly encountered contaminants, up-to-date investigation and remediation techniques, and appropriate planning and hazard mitigation techniques at these sites is critical for safe, successful and cost-effective site clean-up. This presentation will address these issues, and will present several case studies for complex sites where remediation of emerging contaminants such as perchlorate, RDX, chlorinated solvents, and 1,4-dioxane are present in soil and groundwater.