Accelerated aging tests to evaluate the depletion of antioxidants from a high density polyethylene geomembrane are described. The effects of temperature, high pressure, and continuous leachate circulation on the aging of geomembranes in composite liner systems are examined.
The antioxidant depletion rates (0.05, 0.19, and0.41 month1 at 55, 70, and850 C, respectively) obtained for the simulated landfill liner at 250 kPa vertical pressure are consistently lower than that obtained from traditional leachate immersion tests on the same geomembrane (0.12, 0.39, and 1.1 month 1 at 55, 70, and 850C ). This difference leads to a substantial increase in antioxidant depletion times at a typical landfill liner temperature (350 C) with 40 years predicted based on the data from the landfill liner simulators tests, compared to 15 years predicted for the same geomembrane based on leachate immersion tests. In these tests, the crystallinity and tensile yield strain of the geomembrane increased in the early stages of aging and then remained relatively constant over the testing period. There was no significant change in other geomembrane properties within the testing period. Read More: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29GT.1943-5606.0000302?journalCode=jggefk